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Prevention

Tooth Decay Prevention

Tooth decay is a progressive disease caused by the interaction of bacteria that naturally occur on the teeth and sugars in the everyday diet. Sugar causes a reaction in the bacteria, causing it to produce acids that break down the minerals in teeth, forming a cavity. Dentists remove the decay and fill the tooth using a variety of fillings, restoring the tooth to a healthy state. Avoiding unnecessary decay requires adherence to a dental hygiene regimen: brushing and flossing at least twice a day, regular dental check-ups, diet control, and fluoride treatment, if necessary. Practicing good hygiene avoids unhealthy teeth and costly treatment.

Sealants

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The grooves and depressions that form the chewing surfaces of the back teeth are extremely difficult (if not impossible) to clean. As bacteria reacts with food, acids form and break down tooth enamel, causing cavities. Recent studies indicate that 88 percent of all cavities in American school children are caused this way.

Tooth sealants protect these susceptible areas by sealing the grooves and depressions, preventing bacteria and food particles from residing in these areas. Sealant material is a resin typically applied to the back teeth (molars and premolars) and areas prone to cavities. Sealants last for several years but need to be checked during regular appointments.

Fluoride

Fluoride is a substance that helps teeth become stronger and resistant to decay. Regularly drinking water treated with fluoride and brushing and flossing regularly ensures fewer cavities. Dentists can evaluate the level of fluoride in a primary drinking water source and recommend fluoride supplements (usually in tablets or drops), if necessary.

Thumb Sucking

Sucking is a natural reflex that relaxes and comforts babies and toddlers. Children usually cease thumb sucking when the permanent front teeth are ready to erupt. Typically, children stop between the ages of 2 and 4 years. Thumb sucking that persists beyond the eruption of primary teeth can cause improper growth of the mouth and misalignment of the teeth. If you notice prolonged and/or vigorous thumb sucking behavior in your child, talk to your dentist.

Here are some ways to help your child outgrow thumb sucking:

  • Don't scold a child when they exhibit thumb sucking behavior; instead, praise them when they don't suck his or her thumb.
  • Focus on eliminating the cause of anxiety – thumb sucking is a comfort device that helps children cope with stress or discomfort.
  • Praise children when they refrain from the habit during difficult periods.
  • Place a sock on their hand at night.